Chloramphenicol

codes geen / geen

 

 

Formula

CAS

C11H12Cl2N2O5

56-75-7

 
CAS: Chemical Abstract Service Registry Number
 

Background

Chloramphenicol is a broad spectrum antibiotic produced by Streptomyces venezuelae.

 

Synonyms

Chloramphenicol
2,2-Dichloro-N-[2-hydroxy-1-(hydroxymethyl)-2-(4-nitrophenyl)ethyl]acetamide
D-threo-N-dichloroacetyl-1-p-nitrophenyl-2-amino-1,3-propane-diol
D()-threo-2-dichloroacetamido-1-p-nitrophenyl-propanediol
D-threo-N-(1,1´-dihydroxy-1-p-nitrophenylisopropyl)dichloroacetamide
Ak-chlor
Alficetyn
Amphicol
Anacetin
Aquamycetin
Austracol
C.A.F.
Chemiceticol
Chlomycol
Chloramex
Chloramfilin
Chloramsaar
Chlorasol
Chloricol
Chlorocaps
Chlorocid
Chloromycetin
Chloronitrin
Chloroptic
Cidocetine
Ciplamycetin
Cloramfen
Cloramficin
Cloramicol
Clorocyn
Cloromissan
Cylphenicol
Duphenicol
Embacetin
Enicol (capsules)
Enteromycetin
Farmicetina
Fenicol
Globenicol
Interomycetine
Intramycetin
Juvamycetin
Kamaver
Kemicetine
Klorita
Leukomycin
Levomicetina
Levomycetin
Loromicetina
Myscel
Mycinol
Novomycetin
Opclor
Ophthochlor
Pantovernil
Paraxin
Quemicetina
Ronfenil
Septicol
Sintomicetina
Sno Phenicol
Stanomycetin
synthomycetine
Tea-Cetin
Tevcocin
Tifomycine
Treomicetina
Unimycetin
Veticol
Viceton

 

Uses

Antibotic and antirickettsial
Eye drops and ointments
Bactericide for vegetables (rot of potatoes and other root vegetables)

 

Cross-Reactions

Azidamfenicol

 

Unusual Reactions

 

 

References

1.

Rudzki, E., Z. Grzywa, and E. Maciejowska, Drug reaction with positive patch test to chloramphenicol. Contact Dermatitis, 1976. 2(3): p. 181.

2.

Blondeel, A., J. Oleffe, and G. Achten, Contact allergy in 330 dermatological patients. Contact Dermatitis, 1978. 4(5): p. 270-6.

3.

Eriksen, K., Cross allergy between paranitro compounds with special reference to DNCB and chloramphenicol. Contact Dermatitis, 1978. 4(1): p. 29-32.

4.

Strick, R.A., Lack of cross-reaction between DNCB and chloramphenicol. Contact Dermatitis, 1983. 9(6): p. 484-7.

5.

Rebandel, P. and E. Rudzki, Occupational contact sensitivity in oculists. Contact Dermatitis, 1986. 15(2): p. 92.

6.

van Joost, T., et al., Sensitization to chloramphenicol; a persistent problem. Contact Dermatitis, 1986. 14(3): p. 176-8.

7.

Kubo, Y., S. Nonaka, and H. Yoshida, Contact sensitivity to chloramphenicol. Contact Dermatitis, 1987. 17(4): p. 245-7.

8.

Goh, C.L., Contact sensitivity to topical antimicrobials. (II). Sensitizing potentials of some topical antimicrobials. Contact Dermatitis, 1989. 21(3): p. 166-71.

9.

Vincenzi, C., et al., Contact dermatitis from chloramphenicol in a leg ulcer cream. Contact Dermatitis, 1991. 25(1): p. 64-5.

10.

Urrutia, I., et al., Sensitization to chloramphenicol. Contact Dermatitis, 1992. 26(1): p. 66-7.

 

 

 

 

 

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